The attempted murder, therefore, is regulated by Articles 575 of the Criminal Code and 56 Criminal Code; the attempted theft, while, is regulated by Articles 628 of the Criminal Code and 56 Criminal Code.
To understand more when the attempted murder exists, the legislative subject has examined and continually examines the meaning of the expression "actions capable unequivocally aimed at making a crime"; as you can imagine, however, there are many doctrinal sciences that try to find a universal meaning that can be adopted for such a description.
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The traditional explanation, and perhaps more accepted, is that the attempt exists when, in addition to not being consumed the crime, there is the presence of suitable actions and the univocity of the actions implemented by the guilty party.
THE CONDITIONS OF CRIME
The conditions (articles 59 ss criminal code) are attributes that are not necessary for the existence of the offense; their existence, in reality, defines only a variation of the condemnation predisposed, provoking an increase or a reduction.
In fact, the conditions differ from the constitutive features of the unlawful because, while the absence of a constitutive character does not allow to evaluate an action as illicit, the lack or existence of a condition does not weigh on the existence of the same illicit, but only on its maximum or minimum gravity.
With respect to their consideration, the conditions are distinguished in: 1. attenuative and aggravating, if their attenuative or aggravating character is taken into account; 2. general and particular, if they can be applied to any type of offense, or rather only to some types of offenses; 3. with an ordinary or particular outcome, if they generate a change in the sentence equivalent to a third party, or instead a change greater than a third party.
The criminal procedure differentiates between crimes punishable by lawsuits and crimes punishable ex officio, applying as a fundamental rule the procedure of office (Article 50 c.p.p., paragraph 2). Instead for crimes punishable ex officio must initiate a procedure at the criminal level in front of the competent authority when there is news of wrongdoing, for crimes punishable by lawsuit it is also useful that the person affected by an offense officially claims that the offender be punished on a criminal level.
The complaint, therefore, is assured to any person affected by an offense for which it should not proceed officially (Article 120 of the Criminal Code), must take place within 3 months from the day on which the subject affected by the wrongdoing came to knowledge of the fact that it represents a crime (Article 124 of the Criminal Code), and consists of two necessary conditions: the news of illicit and the existence of intentionality.
The lawsuit differs from the complaint because the latter can be advanced by any person (not only by the injured party) and must not necessarily include the existence of intentionality, in fact it is enough that it is the news of the unlawful act.
Another fundamental difference is that, while the lawsuit can be retransmitted, the complaint does not: that is, when there is a criminal procedure for a crime prosecuted on complaint the offended subject can retransmit the same and, if the one who is sued accepts the remission, the offense is canceled (Article 152 - 156 of the Penal Code).
In fact, legislation has implemented a rule that to proceed on the basis of some offenses it is useful that the offended subject claims that the offender is punished, instead for other offenses, which are generally the heaviest crimes and all the penalties, it is useful that the illicit news arrives to the competent Authority; moreover, for the offenses punishable ex officio the Legislation does not allow that the offended subject retransmits the lawsuit because It itself has a notable juridical interest to suppress the illicit commits. Furthermore, in particular situations, even the private entity has a specific legal obligation to report and if he omits it he will respond to it in criminal terms (see Article 344 of the Criminal Code).